Please know that there is a feeling of silliness when writing about Churchman and his ideas. Why read commentary when the source is clear prose with a sense of the context unfolding. I recommend setting this down and picking up the original chapter.
What is added then is how these ideas might be useful in the field. If there is to be an understanding of how we inquiry, there could also be an example as a pattern exemplar.
Having described four inquiring systems, it is time for me to describe the fifth inquiring system, the Singerian Inquiring System.
The Singerian Inquiring System is described by C. West Churchman in his 1973 book about the design of inquiring systems. The chapter on the Singerian Inquiring System is a kind of definition of Singerian Inquiring Systems. The chapter is long and when I dissect it I find many ideas and at least four themes.
1. A Singerian inquiring system is teleological. Singer argued that because humans are living beings, humans have goals. Survival requires adjustments and adaptations, and so humans create. Singerian inquiring system recognizes that humans have design goals.
2. A Singerian inquiring system is enabling. Singer envisioned the inquiring system to encompass society, a society comprised of inquirers who enabled others. Cooperation is possible, even with independent goals. Well, at least this is a perhaps a measure of a society.
3. A Singerian inquiring system is sweeping-in operation. This is the specialization antidote. Singer says to intensify debate and one method to do this is to \"sweep-in\" something. Stuck with a problem? Consider it from another point-of-view, say the point-of-view of a butterfly. Sweep-in the butterfly and you are on your way to holism.
4. A Singerian inquiring system is an endless pursuit. Singer believe that the real world is unattainable and named this concept \"Idealistic Realism\" and Singer considered the inquirer inquiring the inquiry for time immortal. As toolmakers, we refine and recalibrate.